A guide for learning about the histories of the Native peoples of Oregon, especially the Tualatin Kalapuya (Atfalati) tribe on whose land the Forest Grove & Hillsboro campuses of Pacific University stand.
Oregon today is home to nine federally recognized tribal nations, plus several unrecognized tribes. These modern tribal governments each include members descending from multiple tribes and bands. This page is a reference for how these groups interrelate.
Tututni, including the bands: Chemetunne, Chetleshin (Pistol River), Flores Creek, Mikonotunne, Naltunnetunne, Kaltsergheatunne (or Port Orford band of Kwatami), Sixes (Kwatami), Yukichetunne (Euchre Creek).
Applegate & Galice
Chetco & Tolowa
Southern OR & Northern CA Coasts
Includes descendants of several Chinookan bands/tribes, e.g. Clatsops.
Lower Columbia River
South-Central OR Coast
Descendants of Klickitats from north of the Columbia River who had moved south into Oregon in the 1820s-1850s, or were relocated onto Oregon reservations after the 1855 Klickitat War.
South-Central WA; See note
Various Molalla bands, names unrecorded, from the west slopes of the Cascades.
North & Central OR: Cascade Mountains
Southwestern OR: Cow Creek and Upper Rogue River Valleys
Wasco bands, including the Wascoes proper (a.k.a. Dalles Wasco), the Hood or Dog River Wascoes, and the Watlala (a.k.a. Cascades).
Wishram bands, including the Tlakluit and Echeloot
Central OR-WA border: Middle Columbia River. Wasco = South bank; Wishram = North bank
Warm Springs, a.k.a Tenino (Sahaptin-speakers)
Dalles Tenino (a.k.a. Tinainu)
Dock-Spus (a.k.a. John Day Band)
Tygh (a.k.a. Upper Deschutes), including the Tayxɫáma (Tygh Valley), Tiɫxniɫáma (Sherar's Bridge) and Mliɫáma (present Warm Spring Reservation)
Wyam (Celilo Falls Band)
North-Central OR: Columbia River Tributaries
Northern Paiutes who were relocated after the Bannock War of 1878 and at other times.
Southeastern OR: High deserts
Oregon Tribes with unknown, unrecognized or disputed affiliations
The Clatskanie were heavily affected by epidemics in the late 1700s-early 1800s. Some survivors were removed to Grand Ronde in the 1850s. However, Grand Ronde does not usually list them as a constituent tribe.
Northwestern Oregon near Clatskanie & Vernonia
Celilo Wy'am (Sahaptin-speakers)
While some Wy'am became part of the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs or the Yakama Nation, others remained independent. The independent Wy'am are associated with Celilo Village, after their original village of Celilo was flooded by the Dalles Dam in 1957.
Celilo Village south of Wishram, WA
Other Tribes relocated outside of Oregon
Niimíipuu / Nez Perce
Niimíipuu bands that originally lived in OR were removed to ID and WA in the late 1800s:
Many Native American tribes -- as well as other indigenous peoples from lands occupied by Western countries -- have made Oregon their home. A few of the organizations serving these communities include:
Regarding the authority of the information in this table: This table was constructed as a reference tool by Pacific University's archivist, Eva Guggemos, who is a non-Native with a background in academic historical scholarship. It is based on tribal web sites and other published sources.It has less authority than the voices of Natives , who are the ultimate authorities on their own histories. Corrections, comments, questions, etc. are welcome! Please email firstname.lastname@example.org
Regarding the terms Modern Tribal Nation, Tribal Group, Band, etc.: see Terminology.
Regarding disputes and/or variations in classifications here: Some modern tribal nations dispute the claims of other tribal nations regarding matters such as the extent/location of tribal homelands or the status of a group as being a separate tribe vs. a sub-group of a larger tribe. This table does not attempt to judge between these competing views. The section for each Modern Tribal Nation is intended to represent that nation's claims.
Regarding Tribal Names (and Another Name in parenthesis): In order to save space on the chart, we have used this formula:
Ethnolinguistic Tribal Group = Name preferred by the Modern Nation (Linguistic Group or other Common Name)
Tribal Group / Band = Name preferred by the Modern Tribe, if known (Other common names for the Tribe/Band)
Regarding the appearance of one tribe across multiple Modern Tribal Nations: Many Tribal Groups/Bands exist across multiple Modern Nations, due to how tribes were split up and relocated to reservations in the 19th century. The Molallas, for example, are part of the Grand Ronde, Siletz and Warm Springs tribal confederations.
Regarding the completeness of the information here: The table does not represent all constituents of each tribal nation. Many modern tribal members have overlapping or additional tribal ancestry beyond what is noted below, or may use different terms to refer to themselves. Again, Natives should be considered the ultimate authorities on their own stories.